Humans can taste one drop of sucrose (table sugar) diluted in 150 parts water. A honey bee outranks our sugar sensitivity six-times over: about one part in a thousand and the bee is on it. What about Puff, the cat?
Puff doesn’t jump on command nor does she care much for honey. Why do cats lack the fundamental sweetbuds that seem to line almost every bit of real estate on our human tongues? I, an ordinary sample human, have a sugar addiction. Cats don’t. Lucky them – they can’t taste sweetness. Rotten carcasses, however, seem to attract their licky tongues.
The science of sweetness taste-testing goes back about a hundred years. A group of three scientists – Beister, Wood, and Wahlin – working at the University of Minnesota led the way. They ‘invited’ undergrad students to lend them their tongues. Droplets of pure water (Yummy!) were placed on student sugar buds. As the experiments progressed, more and more sugar was added to the water until the students reported that they could taste the sugar. This is known as a ‘threshhold taste test’ and it was repeated by the scientists with a range of sugars – sucrose, fructose, glucose, maltose. Those four are the principal sugars in honey.
The scientists carefully tested and documented the relative sweetnesses. In their 1925 paper, Carbohydrate Studies, they wrote, “”Although the consumption of sucrose has increased rapidly…accurate information as to the relative sweetness of pure sugars is lacking.” Their research confirmed that fructose is more than twice as sweet as glucose. Food packers love information like this – they can buy half the amount of fructose and give consumers the same sweetness with fewer calories. (In a later blog post I will discuss how fructose has become a ‘bad’ sugar in recent years.)
The three scientists assigned a value of ‘100’ to sucrose. Then, comparing sucrose to the other sugars’ sweetness as judged by the college students, they derived the scale below. By the way, the researchers did their science at the University of Minnesota where they taught, marked tests, wrote papers, and advised students. But they were never paid properly nor given the title ‘professor’ because it was 1925 and they were. . . well, you know, girls, not boys.
None of this means much to a cat. Cats don’t enjoy ice cream or rocky mountain fudge. Or honey. (Good thing, house cats get plenty fat without having a sweet tooth.) So, why do some cat food makers add sugar? Well, they know that the cats’ humans will taste the stuff before passing it along to their masters.
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Beekeeping can be a full time profession or an easy hobby. Nevertheless, more often than not, what began as a hobby would become a profession. But you cannot just decide and tell yourself you will start to do beekeeping. You need to have sufficient knowledge and understanding on the field that you are going to enter before beginning on any hobby or profession. Then it’s about time to indulge yourself if you’ve been putting off your interest in beekeeping for quite a long time. Bee farming may not look difficult; learning the basic beekeeping lessons can allow you to get off to a good start.
What does a beekeeper have to know?
On beekeeping to begin at the right foot first, you should have interest that is total. You must spend time taking care of your colonies of bees. You should have agreed to share your house space. There are possible dangers in beekeeping that can hurt not only you but your family as well. If you decide to allow the bees inside your living space, you then must understand the supplies and gear you will use for beekeeping. Your focus is not only to earn money by selling honey; a good beekeeper should have a keen interest and fire in raising bees.
An apiarist should know the right location for the beehives. You need to make sure beekeeping is allowed in your area, if you decide to put your beehives at your backyard. There are several places restricted to beekeeping; you need to get permission concerning this.
Beekeepers must understand whether beekeeping supplies can be found in the region where the beehives are situated. When you must go to a nearby beekeeping store you may never understand; it’s best that a nearby beekeeping store is reachable.
Protective gear and equipment are also essential for beekeepers to know. Beekeepers are prone to bee stings; the outfit that is ideal must be worn during beekeeping sessions. Know the right kind of suit to pick to keep you from any possible risk in beekeeping.
Last but definitely not the least, among the beekeeping lessons you have to know is that: it is important for the beekeeper to know the appropriate manner of picking honey. In case you are not able to harvest honey all the attempts that are beekeeping would be ineffective. The procedures should be known by a beekeeper in collecting the honey from the comb; beeswax is also part of the returns in beekeeping.